All red and red merle dogs have liver or brown noses, eye rims, and lips. Do not overfeed your dog and keep checking if it is overweight or not. Australian Shepherds are medium-sized dogs. We enjoy the versatility, smarts, activity level and good looks this breed of dog encompasses. ", "Working Aussie Source FAQs – Working Aussie Source", "Hereditary Defects of the Australian Shepherd", Kennel Club/British Small Animal Veterinary Association Scientific Committee, "Hip Dysplasia in Dogs: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention", "The History of Australian Shepherds Chapter III: Vanished Trails and Faded Memories of Australian Shepherd History (Aussie History Revisited)", "The Spider Web (Australian Shepherd Genealogy Chart)", "The History of The Australian Shepherd Club of America", "Plymouth dog sets American Kennel Club record", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Australian_Shepherd&oldid=1006194098, Dog breeds originating in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tri-colored (black/red/blue), Bi-colored (black/red/blue), blue merle/red merle. But having a herding instinct, Australian Shepherd is not friendly towards strangers and protects the family when a stranger arrives. From these breeds, the breeder created a dog that was hardworking, muscular and had strong herding abilities. Personality: The Australian Shepherd is animated, enthusiastic and eager to please. The Australian Shepherd is an American-born dog breed. They weigh about 55 to 70 pounds and they are 19 to 23 inches high. The decision about affiliation with the AKC remains controversial, as it does with many performance breeds. He is a loyal companion and has the stamina to work all day. Many breeders and owners of Australian Shepherds consider the Mini and Toy to be separate breeds; others consider them to be downsized versions of the same breed. Epilepsy and vision problems like cataracts and collie eye anomaly are common in Australian Shepherds. Audio impairment or deafness usually develops after the birth of a puppy with their ear canal still closed. Australian Shepherds, also known with a nickname Aussie, are highly intelligent, sharp, and energetic dogs who love to do jobs and activities like sports. It had to handle severe weather; have plenty of speed, athleticism, energy, and endurance; and be intelligent, flexible, and independent; while remaining obedient. Australian Shepherd has a straight or curly coat with tri or bi-color selection from brown, white, and blue. Miniature Australian Shepherd . The American Kennel Club registered Australian Shepherd in the year 1993. Animal Life ... the breed as we know it today developed exclusively in the United States. If you are interested in one of these dogs, it would be a good idea to learn …  This, and the current physical appearance of the Australian Shepherd, tend to support the oral histories, at least in regard that there is some inheritance from landrace farmcollie types of the European mainland. Some Aussies have shorter, easier-care coats than others. Solid Merle dogs are equally desirable as ones with copper or white. Do not get confused with the name. It is the descendant of collie and shepherd-like dogs. However, there’s still lots Aussie owners can do to secure their dogs some extra years. Male Australian Shepherds are usually taller and heavier. For many years, Aussies have been valued by stockmen for their versatility and trainability. Basic Information. Although some Aussies are born with naturally bobbed or partially bobbed (stubby) tails, the majority are born with full, long tails. In Germany, 6.9% of Australian Shepherds test homozygous affected, and 25.2% test as carriers. This new breed loves the outdoors more than staying at home. Explore Australian Shepherd life span data with pictures, origin and history. Both Pomsky and Miniature Australian Shepherd has almost same life span. Dogs may show reserved behaviors. They can weigh from 35 to 70 pounds (16 to 32 kg) and stand from 18 to 23 inches (46 to 58 cm) in height. They are very loyal to the family but harsh towards strangers. For this reason, the Aussie is often chosen to work unusual livestock such as ducks, geese, and commercially raised rabbits. , Selective breeding for many generations focused on aspects of the dog that enabled it to function as an effective stockdog in the American West. One of such breeds used as herding dogs is Australian Shepherds. What is Australian Shepherds average life expectancy? However, like all breeds, they are prone to some health problems.  Many consider the term "lethal white" to be derogatory.. , Like other herding breeds, these dogs excel at many dog sports, especially herding, dog agility, frisbee, and flyball. They are fast runners with a loose eye style of working livestock. Australian breed is a pretty healthy dog breed. Based on a sample of 48 still-living dogs, the most common health concerns noted by owners were eye problems (red eye, epiphora, conjunctivitis, and cataracts). Border Collie Australian Shepherd Life Span. Many diagnostic tests are available for concerned Aussie owners to check the overall health of a dog. The coat of Australian Shepherds living in sunny areas is lighter and the coat of Australian Shepherds living in cold climate areas is heavier, which protects them from intense cold weather. Red (liver) with or without copper points or white markings on the face, collar, legs, chest, underbelly - either white or copper points are required. Australian Shepherds also have something of a reputation, so your Labrador Australian …  The American Kennel Club (AKC) ranked the Australian Shepherd as the 17th-most popular breed in the United States in 2016.  A large percentage of homozygous merles sold eventually end up in rescue and shelters, as the average family is ill-prepared to take on a deaf or blind pet. They start barking continuously with a special rhythm to alert the owner for some unusual situation. , The Australian Shepherd is traditionally a medium-sized breed. Their beautiful colored eyes are very sensitive. Australian Shepherd Association", "Vanished Trials and Faded Memories of Australian Shepherd History", "The Australian Shepherd is from: A) Australia, B) England, C) Spain, D) None of the Above", "Basic Body Colors of the Australian Shepherd", "White-linked Deafness in Australian Shepherds", "Coat Colour in Dogs: Identification of the Merle Locus in the Australian Shepherd Breed", "Is the Australian Shepherd Right for you?  However, many Aussie breeders felt the AKC put too much emphasis on breed conformity and not enough on performance, so the ASCA declined to join the AKC. Their stunts and skills earned them places in several Disney films, including Run Appaloosa Run and Stub: The Greatest Cowdog in the West. Australian Shepherds has nothing to do with Australia. Border Collie Australian Shepherds have an average lifespan of 10 to 14 years, with some living until 15 or 16 years of age. What is the Life expectancy of an Australian Shepherd? The origin of Australian Shepherd is confusing before it arrived in the US in the 19th century. Origin: United States. This trait is found in many breeds, but most commonly found in Australian Shepherds. This point creates a link with the name. Tests or evaluations have been developed for: Other areas that are currently not health concerns, but tests have been developed for, are: DNA testing to either certify parentage or to verify parentage) for Australian Shepherds can be performed, and as of January 2010, all adults producing a litter will be required to be DNA tested to allow a breeder to register a litter with the Australian Shepherd Club of America (ASCA). Both Pomsky and Miniature Australian Shepherd has almost same litter size. The Australian Shepherd can grow to maturity and weigh an average of 40-65 pounds. For the most part, Australian Shepherds are healthy and robust dog breeds. Ideally they should stay in touch with you throughout your dogs life. They have a wide range of colors for their coat, such as merle, black, and red. In merle-to-merle breeding, the puppies that have inherited two copies of the merle gene have an increased risk of being born blind or deaf.. Otherwise, you have to think all the time to keep it busy to channelize high energy levels. It has a well-proportioned body and an outgoing personality. The Great Pyrenees breed is a good example of a dog who does not (generally) exhibit the need to be constantly active. It is the 137th dog breed in the AKC dog breed list. While males are around 20 to 23 inches in height and 51 to 64 lbs in weight. Those with a lot of feathering need more maintenance. This problem can exist with or without clinical signs, meaning some dogs feel pain in one or both rear legs. As noted, they’re extremely intelligent, loyal, and friendly dogs. Best Vet Recommended Cat Ear Cleaners: Hands-On Experience Reviewed! Some sources suggest that the average Aussie lives between 12 and 15 years; however, one study found that the median age was closer to 9 years. The breed's foundation bloodlines are depicted in the Australian Shepherd Genealogy Chart showing the relationship between the early families of dogs. This database is a great resource to investigate the lineage and related health of the progenitors of some dogs, at least regarding hip ratings. We were instantly hooked on this breed and have never looked back (or at another breed). The merle allele, which produces a mingled or patchwork combination of dark and light areas, is the coat pattern most commonly associated with the breed. They need an open and wide play area. The female Australian Shepherd weighs about 35 to 55 pounds with 18 to 21 inches in height. Solid red dogs are equally desirable as ones with copper or white. Height … They were bred to enjoy the fast-paced herding life and will thrive with owners who also have active lifestyles. It is not inclined toward obsessive barking. Even today, Australian Shepherd is an attractive and eye-catching dog breed with its sharpness, intelligence, and high energy levels. Australian Shepherd is a versatile dog that makes the best use of its intelligence and energy if gets a chance for it. They are an intelligent breed, which generally learn hand signals with ease. Australian Shepherd likes the company of children but it needs to get trained for not hurting the children. They are very loyal to their owners, and are rewarding dogs if treated well. As a herding dog, Australian Shepherd has a dominating personality, with its eyes clearly saying, “I am the head.” They grow confident and firm with good training and leadership. The Australian Shepherd Club of America (ASCA) standard calls for the Australian shepherd to stand between 18 and 23 inches (46 and 58 cm) at the withers, females being 18 to 22 inches (46 to 56 cm) and males measuring 19 to 23 inches (48 to 58 cm); however, quality is not to be sacrificed in favor of size..  What is known is that it developed in western North America in the 19th and early 20th centuries. ... Family life Share is a participant in the … A good Australian Shepherd breeder in Victoria will offer you as much support as necessary while your pup is settling into your home. The dogs instinctively use a "pounce" position to deal with cattle trying to kick them. Due to the contrast between eye problems and blue eyes, eye conditions in blue-eyed dogs are much easier to spot.. The dog has a stride in which its front and back legs cross over, making for an appearance of "on the edge" speed. , Double merle or homozygous merle occurs when the offspring of two merled parents inherit two copies of the dominant merle gene. The preceding forebears of the foundation dogs likely had several sources, but were primarily UK rural landraceherding collies of various types and/or regions. Australian Shepherd is a medium to large dog breeds with an average height of 20 to 23 inches and a weight of 50 to 70 pounds. The owners need to be very caring and tolerant towards the female Australian Shepherd during pregnancy. As such, understanding its personality, activity level, and potential health issues can be tricky. Aussie eyes may be any shade of brown or blue; they may have two different colored eyes, or even have bicolored or "split eyes" (for example, a half-brown, half-blue eye), which appear to be linked to the merle coloration. Like many mixed breeds, the life span can vary depending on the health of the parent breeds that are used in creating the mix. Australian Shepherd usually has tri-colors that make it an attractive dog breed. Criadero de perros pastores Australianos con genética pura To burn this energy positively, take them regularly on a 30 to 40 minutes’ walk. They are considered the 17th-most popular dog breed in the United States. People highly praised this athletic and herding dog that could be seen along with the cowboy. It’s loyal, affectionate, and independent at the same time.  An Australian Shepherd enjoys working, whether it is learning and practicing tricks, competing in dog agility, or engaging in any other physically and mentally involving activity.. Dog Quest: Find The Dog Of Your Dreams will help you find a good-tempered, healthy family companion. In fact, they became popular in Western Culture due to riding horses and rodeos shown in the media. The wide variety of color combinations comes from the interaction between the color allele, which is either black (B) dominant or red (b) recessive, and the dominant merle allele (M). They are completely lifelike, even if your Australian Shepherd’s got some junk in the trunk! , Development of the breed began in the American West. Ranchers in Boulder, Colorado, began breeding the dogs which would attract purchasers from as far west as California for their legendary sheep-herding abilities. Females are around 18 to 21 inches in height and 31 to 44 lbs in weight. Popularity (2019): #13. Collie eye anomaly (CEA) is rare in the breed, but it and cataracts are a concern in Aussies. The Miniature Australian Shepherd was developed by breeders looking for smaller dogs ranging in size from 14 inches to the Aussie standard. The Australian Shepherds got famous after World War II. Australian Shepherd has a straight or curly double-coat. The National Stock Dog Registry became its official breed registry, which continued until ASCA took over in 1972.. , The Australian Shepherd Club of America (ASCA) was founded in 1957 to promote the breed. The lifespan of an Aussies ranges from 10-14 years in age. Are British Shorthair Cats Hypoallergenic?  Dogs with the mutation can suffer toxicity from antiparasitics such as ivermectin in high doses, and other drugs. With proper care, there’s a good chance your Aussie won’t develop any of these problems, if any. Not all homozygous merles are affected, but most are, making the breeding of two merles a very touchy subject. They are reserved but are naturally very kind and loving dogs. With a hard-working and active personality, Australian Shepherds can be a great addition to your family. These dogs were imported from Australia for herding the livestock in the 1840s. Home Remedies To Treat Dog Ear Infection Naturally. They need proper exercise and a regular walk of about 30 to 40 minutes. Breeders have historically docked the tails when the puppies are born. This merle (M) is dominant, so heterozygous dogs (Mm) show the pigmentation pattern; however, when two merles are bred, the statistical risk is 25% of the offspring will end up with the two copies of the merle gene (homozygous). Is the Australian Shepherd a healthy breed? Exercise for your German Australian Shepherd should include at least half an hour to 45 minutes of running every day. This dog breed should receive at least a half hour of strenuous exercise daily; this type of activity can be running, agility style training, or fetch or Frisbee play. Annie Spencer is a certified Dog Health Expert Veterinarian and holds a masters degree in Dog Emotion & Cognition from the Duke University, USA. All black and blue merle dogs have black noses, eye rims, and lips. The Australian Shepherd's history is vague, as is the reason for its misleading name. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI-World Canine Organization) recognized the Australian Shepherd for international competition in 2007, in Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs as breed number 342. Related posts you might enjoy. The Australian Shepherd is a high-spirited dog that requires much attention and work. In general, however, black Aussies (self, bi-color, or tri-color) tend to have brown eyes, while red (self, bi-color, or tri-color) Aussies tend to have amber eyes, though these Aussies may also carry the blue-eyed gene. They are kind, loving, and devoted to those they know. Is the Australian Shepherd easy to train? An Australian Shepherd stuffed animal is perfect for anyone who owns an Australian Shepherd or just loves the breed. However, deaf or blind Australian shepherds can make wonderful pets given a home prepared for their special needs. The typical Australian Shepherd lifespan is 9 years. These dogs usually have a mostly white coat and blue irises and are often deaf, blind, or both. Characteristics. This new breed gained acceptance into the AKC Miscellaneous class in June 2012 with the sizes written in the standard as females from 13 to 17 inches and males from 14 to 18 inches. They have no concept of being a couch potato. Loss of hearing is directly linked to the amount of pigmentation cells a dog has. In 1975, ASCA created a breed standard, describing exactly how an Australian shepherd should look and be constructed (its conformation to the Standard). Australian Shepherd Health. The white color of double merles is produced due to the lack of melanocytes which provide high potassium levels in the endolymph surrounding the cochlea's hair cells. Results of a 1998 internet survey with a sample size of 614 Australian Shepherds indicated a median longevity around 12.5 years, but that longevity may be declining.. The merle phenotype in Australian Shepherds is very similar to the coat color in Mitf mouse mutants.. Rottweilers. Daily exercise is an ideal opportunity to think of joint activities you can enjoy with your dog. The breed was initially called by many names, including Spanish Shepherd, Pastor Dog, Bob-Tail, New Mexican Shepherd, California Shepherd, and Austrian Shepherd. "The History of Australian Shepherds Chapter II: Timeline: Breed Development From Obscurity Into Mainstream Popularity", https://www.cell.com/cell-reports/pdf/S2211-1247(17)30456-4.pdf, "About Aussies. A genetic test is available for the mutated gene, showing 10.0% of Australian Shepherds are affected, and 36.9% are carriers. Life span: 12-15 years. Suitable for: The Australian Shepherd enjoys being part of the family, interacting well with children and other animals. It doesn't matter whether you're searching for a mini Atlanta Australian Shepherd for sale, a blue merle Aussie, or even an Aussie with specific eye color, you'll find plenty of options here on Uptown, all from proven and verified breeders and … It is also possible that many of the dogs coming from Australia were blue merle and the adjective "Australian" became associated with any dogs of that coat color.  The tri-colored (red, black, and white) Merles will have a 1/4 chance of being blind due to the recessive genes when breeding two Merle colored dogs for the recessive fur color. Also, great variety is seen in the Aussie's eye color, and they are often heterochromatic. Check their ears weekly for bacterial infections. Like humans, dogs also have different timing of getting sexually mature and ready to breed.  Double merles often have excessive light or white areas and can have hearing and vision problems as a result of having two copies of the merle gene.  They became known to the general public through rodeos, horse shows, and Disney movies made for television. Check their eyes. Prior to breeding, the Aussie should be checked for hip and elbow dysplasia and DNA tests performed to show the dog to be free of the MDR1 mutation, cataract mutation, and CEA. Blue merle (a mottled patchwork of gray and black) with or without copper points or white markings on the face, collar, legs, chest, underbelly - neither white nor copper points are required. Although many believe that only dogs with blue eyes have eye problems, it is not correct. Divide this meal into 2, if you want to keep your Aussie in good shape, active, and healthy. The Mini Australian Shepherd is a workaholic in all the best ways possible. They need a backyard protected with a fence. Some breeders euthanize mostly white pups, while others may attempt to sell them as "rare" white Aussies without disclosing the potential for health defects. Puzzle games are also helpful to keep a dog engaged both physically and mentally.  This means that a bored, neglected, unexercised Aussie may invent its own games, activities, and jobs, which to Aussies also do best with plenty of human companionship: they are often called "Velcro dogs" for their strong desire to always be near their owners and for their tendency to form intense, devoted bonds with select people. Australian Shepherd has a high potential of being friendly with the family, children, and other dogs and pet animals. Also, the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) has an extensive database to track results and provide statistics for these concerns: hips, elbows, heart, patellar luxation (knees), and thyroid (autoimmune) disease. United States. Aussies that exhibit basic herding instincts can be trained to compete in ASCA stock dog trials or AKC herding events.. 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